Reading Intervention Programs: A Comparative Chart
By: Corrie Kelly
Educators work tirelessly to meet the academic needs of all students. An important part of instruction for struggling students is the use of the right intervention at the right time. With so many packaged intervention programs out there, it is difficult to keep up with them all.
Intervention programs for five components of literacy (phonemic awareness, phonics, fluency, comprehension, vocabulary) are included in the tables below. Columns within the matrix indicate the appropriate RTI tiers, approximate grade levels, most effective instructional format, instructional technology, embedded assessment, and related article or instructional strategy connections. (Find more information about Response to Intervention and the characteristics of the tiers in this article.)
Many of the programs listed below have been reviewed by the What Works Clearinghouse and research centers such as the Florida Center for Reading Research and the Best Evidence Encyclopedia. Several also appear on statewide recommended intervention lists. Multiple research studies have demonstrated that the intervention programs listed below are capable of producing positive academic effects.
This article is also available as a PDF. Download PDF >
Key to the charts
Tier 1: This program is supplemental and is meant to enhance the core program for all students.
Tier 2: This program is to be used to prevent or remediate skill deficits for students who are somewhat below grade level.
Tier 3: This program is to be used intensively for students who are significantly below grade level.
GL: Grade Level
These are the grade level(s) in which a program will be most useful and has been proven to be effective.
About the author
Corrie Kelly has worked as a 3rd grade teacher, a literacy specialist, and a reading intervention specialist. She received a B.A in English Literature, an NK-6 teaching licensure from Mary Washington, and an M.Ed in Reading Education from the University of Virginia. Corrie is an active researcher and she blogs regularly about her teaching experiences and educational issues and events. Currently, Corrie is a literacy intervention specialist in Albemarle County, VA and teaches reading courses as an adjunct instructor through the University of Virginia's TEMPO Outreach program.
Corrie Kelly (2011)