LD Topics

Teaching & Instruction

Teaching and effective instruction for students with learning disabilities requires specialized knowledge in the areas of spoken language, reading, writing, and math. This section contains readings that reflect knowledge of best practices and evidence based instruction within each area.

There are 190 articles in this section.

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Response to Intervention (RTI): A Primer for Parents

Learn what questions to ask about Response to Intervention (RTI), an approach to helping struggling learners that is gaining momentum in schools across the country. This article from the National Association of School Psychologists tells you the most important features of the process, key terms, and RTI's relationship to special education evaluation.

Using Mnemonic Instruction to Facilitate Access to the General Education Curriculum

Learn about mnemonic instruction, a technique that researchers say has solid effectiveness for individuals with learning disabilities. Review three important strategies, key words, peg words, and letters. Specific examples will help you use it with students or apply it to yourself.

From the Mouths of Babes: What Kids Tell Us About Friendships

Rick Lavoie brings teachers information on how to integrate children with special needs into their mainstream class. The Council on Exceptional Children asked students with good social skills for their suggestions to school staff. Here are some of their requests: a) time to "hang out" with peers with disabilities, b) taking a stand against bullying and teasing of students with disabilities, and c) choosing peers to work with students with disabilities carefully.

Entrepreneurship for Youth with Disabilities

Students: Are you interested in starting your won business? This article will provide resources and ideas to assist you. Educators: read how to include students with disabilities in entrepreneurship programs. When you participate in these programs, their interest in college increases 32 percent.

What is Responsiveness to Intervention?

This brief was developed by National Research Center for Learning Disabilities to help you understand responsiveness to intervention (also known as response to intervention), an education model that promotes early identification of students who may be at risk for learning difficulties and learning disabilities.

How to Help Your Students Write Well: An Interview with Steve Graham

Three research based practices help students with learning disabilities improve their writing. Read this interview with Steve Graham, author of Writing Next: Effective Strategies to Improve Writing of Adolescents in Middle and High School who explains how you can help your students succeed in communicating through the written word.

Do Visual, Auditory, and Kinesthetic Learners Need Visual, Auditory, and Kinesthetic Instruction?

How does the mind work — and how does it learn? Teachers' instructional decisions are based on a mix of theories learned in teacher education, trial and error, craft knowledge, and gut instinct. Such gut knowledge often serves us well, but is there anything sturdier to rely on?

Selecting Assessments for Your School

There are over two dozen individually administered screening tools produced for the primary grades. Considering their subject matter and purpose, schools must decide which assessment best fits their needs. This article gives an overview of the screening tools and the kind of information they provide.

Adolescents with Learning Disabilities: Unique Challenges and Reasons for Hope

Significant progress has been made in developing effective interventions for adolescents with learning disabilities. This article presents an agenda on how schools can present excellent instruction that allows adolescents with learning disabilities to flourish.

Boosting Inclusion in After School Activities with AT and Supplemental Services

IDEA 2004 mandates that supplemental services and assistive technology (AT) be provided when necessary to students who receive special education services. This article provides suggestions for how supplemental services can contribute beyond the realm of academics by helping to make activities outside the regular school day more inclusive for students with special needs.

Helping Students with LD Pass High-Stakes Tests

Students must pass a high stakes tests to graduate high school. These tests are a major barrier for students with learning disabilities who often do not test well. Accommodations can help. Learn how to help children with learning disabilities do well on these tests.

Schools in Which All Kinds of Minds Can Grow

As we discover more about how students learn and how different minds learn differently, our schools have a golden opportunity to increase the percentage of their students who experience true academic success.

Mathematics Strategy Instruction (SI) for Middle School Students with Learning Disabilities

Teachers, help you students learn to do word problems. Learn to use the STAR approach. (S) Search the problem. (T) Translate the problem. (A) Answer the problem. (R) Review the solution. Examples and sample scripts are given for this empirically validated technique.

Enhancing Outcomes for Struggling Adolescent Readers

With so much required of high schools today, there is little time or money to spend on the students who lack basic skills. This article presents important factors leading to success for struggling adolescent readers, taken from successful reading programs.

Teaching Vocabulary

Consider some excellent lesson models for teaching vocabulary, explaining idioms, fostering word consciousness, instruction for English Language Learners, and mnemonic strategies.

Adolescent Literacy: Where We Are - Where We Need to Go

A majority of federal funding for intervention programs is allocated to elementary schools, but happens when students still struggle in middle and high school? This article investigates why some adolescent readers need more assistance, and what should be done to help them.

Setting the Table for Thinking and Memory

Response-to-Instruction and Universal Design for Learning: How Might They Intersect in the General Education Classroom?

Helping struggling readers in the general classroom is a challenge, but The Access Center offers a solution. By using Response-to-Instruction’s tiered approach and Universal Design’s equal access philosophy, you can bridge the gap so that you are truly leaving no child behind.

What Is Dysgraphia?

Dysgraphia is a learning disability that affects writing abilities. Learn the warning signs and strategies that can help. There are techniques for teaching and accommodating early writers, young students, or help yourself if you struggle with dysgraphia.

Technology-Supported Math Instruction for Students with Disabilities: Two Decades of Research and Development

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