LD Topics

Teaching & Instruction

Teaching and effective instruction for students with learning disabilities requires specialized knowledge in the areas of spoken language, reading, writing, and math. This section contains readings that reflect knowledge of best practices and evidence based instruction within each area.

There are 193 articles in this section.

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Response-to-Instruction and Universal Design for Learning: How Might They Intersect in the General Education Classroom?

Helping struggling readers in the general classroom is a challenge, but The Access Center offers a solution. By using Response-to-Instruction’s tiered approach and Universal Design’s equal access philosophy, you can bridge the gap so that you are truly leaving no child behind.

What Is Dysgraphia?

Dysgraphia is a learning disability that affects writing abilities. Learn the warning signs and strategies that can help. There are techniques for teaching and accommodating early writers, young students, or help yourself if you struggle with dysgraphia.

Technology-Supported Math Instruction for Students with Disabilities: Two Decades of Research and Development

How Spelling Supports Reading

Many young readers are puzzled by the rules and exceptions of spelling. Research shows that learning to spell and learning to read rely on much of the same underlying knowledge. Learn more about the relationships between letters and sounds and how a proper understanding of spelling mechanics can lead to improved reading.

Assisting Students with Foreign Language Learning Difficulties in School

Students with language learning difficulties can learn foreign languages in school, when they have appropriate instructional modifications. This article looks at the kinds of students who may have difficulty successfully fulfilling a foreign language requirement in school, instructional methods that help, and additional adaptations at-risk students might need.

RTI and Reading: Response to Intervention in a Nutshell

RTI is not a particular method or instructional approach, rather it is a process that aims to shift educational resources toward the delivery and evaluation of instruction that works best for students. This article provides a quick overview of RTI as it relates to reading.

Spelling and Students with Learning Disabilities

Spelling difficulties can be enduring in individuals with reading disabilities, sometimes even after reading has been successfully remediated. Addressing spelling difficulties is important, because poor spelling can hamper writing and can convey a negative impression even when the content of the writing is excellent.

Components of Effective Mathematics Instruction

Less is known about the components of effective mathematics instruction than about the components of effective reading instruction, because research in math is less extensive than in reading.

Components of Effective Reading Instruction

There is no single “best” program for teaching reading. However, scientific investigators agree about the need for instruction to address certain key abilities involved in learning to read.

Independent Reading

Suggestions for fostering independent reading include: (a) Give children books that are not too difficult. (b) Help them find books they will enjoy. (c) Encourage them to try many kinds of material. Although independent reading cannot substitute for teaching decoding, it improves reading comprehension and the habit of reading.

Executive Function Fact Sheet

Children use executive function to plan, organize, strategize, pay attention, manage details, and schedule themselves. Read this fact sheet from the National Center for Children with Learning Disabilities for helpful strategies.

Student Access to Division: An Alternative Perspective for Students With Learning Disabilities

Teachers and tutors: The Access Center offers a way you can teach math to students with varying learning styles. You can use the concepts in this article to plan almost any of your lessons. You or your students can manipulate objects, display, state, or write. Learn how to teach division to your students who do not yet know subtraction or multiplication using the "Interactive Unit."

Early Reading Assessment: A Guiding Tool for Instruction

How do you choose the best method for measuring reading progress? This brief article describes which assessments to use for different reading skills so that you can make sure all students are making progress towards becoming readers!

Strategies for Teaching Youth with ADD and ADHD

Strategies that promote success for students with ADD and ADHD are described including behavior management, modification, preparing your students to learn at the beginning of the lesson, keeping the students on task, making the lessons more interesting and homework.

Teaching Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Instructional Strategies and Practices

Enjoy this resource of practical and thorough strategies for instructing children with ADHD and other children requiring learning modifications. Read about instructional strategies on specific subjects and for various age groups.

Gifted Learners and the Middle School: Problem or Promise?

Adapting Language Arts, Social Studies, and Science Materials for the Inclusive Classroom

When instructional materials present a barrier to student learning, teachers often adapt the materials to allow students greater access to the information to be taught. These adaptations may involve changing the content of the materials (the nature or amount of information to be learned) or changing the format of the materials (the way information is presented to the learner).

We've Been Waiting For This Moment... Are We Ready?

Trastornos del Procesamiento Auditivo en los Niños: ¿Qué Significa?

El procesamiento auditivo es el término usado para describir lo que sucede cuando el cerebro reconoce e interpreta los sonidos a su alrededor. Los seres humanos oyen cuando la energía, que reconocemos como sonido, se desplaza a través del oído y se transforma en información eléctrica que puede ser interpretada por el cerebro. El término "desorden" en el desorden del procesamiento auditivo (APD, por su sigla en inglés) significa que algo está perjudicando el procesamiento o la interpretación de la información.

Imagery: The Sensory-Cognitive Connection for Math

Why can’t everyone think with numbers? Why do some children learn math readily, handle money and time concepts with ease, retain information from year to year, and think with numbers effortlessly? What cognitive processes do some have that others do not?

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