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Research and Reports

Thirty years ago, the term “learning disability” did not exist. Thanks to researchers around the world, we have made great progress at understanding and giving names to the various disorders that are now recognized as learning disabilities. New research continues, and we’re learning new information all the time. We have gathered together both the latest and most ground breaking articles for this research and reports section.

There are 81 articles in this section.

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"Learning Disabilities" Movement Turns 50

Fifty years ago, the learning disabilities (LD) advocacy movement began. This article by Landmark College education professor Dr. Jim Baucom explores the history of the movement and future directions. The article originally appeared on the Washington Post web site on April 12th, 2013.

A Cross-National Study of Teachers Attributional Patterns

A Multisource Exploration of the Friendship Patterns of Children With and Without Learning Disabilities

Past research has shown that children with learning disabilities are at a greater risk of being rejected by their peers than those without LD. This study examines the friendship patterns of children to determine whether or not learning disabilities affect the quality or quantity of friendship.

A Scientific Approach to Reading Instruction

The good news is that we have had a scientific breakthrough in our knowledge about the development of literacy. We know a great deal about how to address reading problems even before they begin...The tragedy is that we are not exploiting what we know about reducing the incidence of reading failure. Specifically, the instruction currently being provided to our children does not reflect what we know from research.

ADHD Teacher Knowledge of Stimulant Medication and ADHD

Teachers play a critical role in identifying and treating ADHD. Their observations form the core of the eventual diagnosis, and their feedback helps shape treatment, especially with stimulant medication. But how knowledgeable are they about ADHD and treatment medications? This study examined teachers about this topic — find out the surprising results.

Adolescent Literacy and Older Students with Learning Disabilities

This report describes the adolescent literacy problem (grades 4 to 12), its consequences, and contributing factors. Guiding principles for assessment, instruction, and professional development, as well as recommendations for short-term and future consideration, are also addressed.

An Attributional View of Student Outcomes: What Do Teachers Think?

An Effective Model for College Students with Learning Disabilities and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorders

A study of 26 students with LD and ADHD, who used the VCU Supported-Education Model, is summarized. Students received intensive education supports such as an Individualized Academic Support Plan.

An Exploratory Study of Schema-Based Word-Problem-Solving Instruction for Middle School Students with Learning Disabilities: An Emphasis on Conceptual and Procedural Understanding

This exploratory study extends the research on schema-based strategy instruction by investigating its effects on the mathematical problem solving of four middle school students with learning disabilities who were low-performing in mathematics.

Are Dyslexia and Wealth Linked? Study Finds Individuals with Dyslexia More Likely to Be Millionaires

A study by the Tulip Financial Group found that self-made millionaires are more likely to be dyslexic. A significant majority of the 5,000 self-made millionaires in Britain reportedly struggled in school. The results come from a study commissioned by the British Broadcasting Company 2 (BBC2) for its series The Mind of A Millionaire.

Biological Basis for Reading Disability Discovered

Comparing the Effects of Teacher-Directed Homework and Student-Centered Homework on Return Rate and Homework Attitudes

Critical Relay in Visual Circuit of the Brain May Help Explain LD

Curriculum-Based Assessment Procedures Embedded Within Functional Behavioral Assessments: Identifying Escape-Motivated Behaviors in a General Education Classroom.

Demand Grows to Link Neuroscience with Education

As public fascination with brain research has grown in recent years, scientists have often warned educators and others who work with children against drawing sweeping conclusions based on the latest findings of neuroscience.

Developmental Trajectories of Brain Volume Abnormalities in Children and Adolescents with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

Disproportionate Representation of Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Students in Special Education: Measuring the Problem

Dissecting Dyslexia

Genetic differences in the brain make learning to read a struggle for children with dyslexia. Luckily, most of our brain development occurs after we're born, when we interact with our environment. This means that the right teaching techniques can actually re-train the brain, especially when they happen early.

Dose-Response Effects of Methylphenidate on Ecologically Valid Measure of Academic Performance and Classroom Behavior in Adolescents with ADHD

Drop Out Rates of Teenagers with Learning Disabilities

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