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Reading & Dyslexia

Approximately 80 percent of students with learning disabilities have been described as reading disabled. Resources within this section provide information and advice on what you can do to help students with LD gain reading skills.

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Self-Questioning to Support Reading Comprehension

Summarizing to Understand Text

Using Context Clues to Understand Word Meanings

When attempting to decipher the meaning of a new word, it is often useful to look at what comes before and after that word. Learn about the six common types of context clues and how teachers can provide struggling students and those with learning disabilities with direct instruction in how to use these clues.

Connecting Word Meanings Through Semantic Mapping

Semantic maps (or graphic organizers) help students, especially struggling students and those with disabilities, to identify, understand, and recall the meaning of words they read in the text.

Visualizing to Make Meaning

By incorporating differentiated models, practicing visualization, and supporting your students as they visualize (drawing on principles for Universal Design for Learning), you can help your students learn to use all of their senses to engage with and imagine the world of a text, and to bring that world to life as they read.

Building Fluency: A Fundamental Foundational Skill

Learn about specific strategies you can use to differentiate instruction to help your students overcome fluency problems, as well technology tools that can support development of fluency skills.

Embedded Supports to Differentiate Instruction for Struggling Students

Language-Based Learning Disability: What to Know

Language-based learning disabilities (LBLD) encompass a spectrum of cognitive and behavioral differences in processing, comprehending, and using language. Students with LBLD commonly experience difficulties with listening, speaking, reading, writing, spelling, math, organization, attention, memory, social skills, perseverance, and self-regulation. However, a teaching style that is specialized and structured enables students with LBLD to succeed. Learn the essential facts about how to foster the strengths of students with LBLD in this article.

Top 10 Resources on Dyslexia

Learn about the common signs of dyslexia, how parents can support their child and celebrate their strengths, the role of assistive technology, how the latest brain research can help kids with dyslexia, and more.

Captioning to Support Literacy

Captions can provide struggling readers with additional print exposure, improving foundational reading skills. Presenting information in multiple ways can help address the diverse needs of learners in the classroom and engage students on multiple levels.

Top 10 Resources on Fluency

Learn about fluency assessment, the importance of fluency in building comprehension skills, finding the right book level for kids, effective classroom strategies like reader's theater and choral reading, and more.

Summertime and the Learning Is Easy

The summer is a time to unwind and relax for parents and kids alike, but learning should not come to a halt. By focusing on your child's interests, involving the family, and setting goals, you can motivate even the most reluctant learners

Q&A: I Have Dyslexia. What Does That Mean?

Shelley Ball-Dannenberg discusses her new children's book about what it’s like to have a reading disability.

Early Signs of a Reading Difficulty

Parents are often the first to suspect their child has a reading problem. An expert alerts parents to some of the earliest indicators of a reading difficulty.

Effective Reading Interventions for Kids With Learning Disabilities

Research-based information and advice for sizing up reading programs and finding the right one for your child with a learning disability.

Assistive Technology Tools: Reading

Learn about assistive technology tools — from audiobooks to variable-speed tape recorders — that help students with reading.

Using Multimedia to Support Reading Instruction

Supporting Reading in Social Studies

Talking to Children About LD

A psychologist specializing in language-based learning disabilities explains how to talk to children about their LD: All the parts you need to be smart are in your brain. Nothing is missing or broken. The difference between your brain and one that doesn't have an LD is that your brain gets "traffic jams" on certain highways.

Bridging My Two Worlds

Jill Lauren's That's Like Me! is a book about 15 students with disabilities who face challenges in school but express their creativity and talents through hobbies. In the foreword, excerpted here, children's book illustrator Jerry Pinkney describes growing up with two personas: Jerry the gifted artist and Jerry the struggling reader.

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