# Math & Dyscalculia

Often referred to as **dyscalculia**, math-related learning disabilities are complex and require intervention by skillful teachers to help students achieve success. We’ve gathered informative resources here for both parents and educators regarding learning disabilities in the area of mathematics.

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Using Visual Representations in Mathematics

Interacting with Peers in Mathematics

Peer interactions can greatly benefit a student's understanding of mathematical concepts. To facilitate peer collaboration, teachers should pair students carefully, model effective ways to interact, provide students with relevant tools, and offer specific and differentiated advice. Struggling students may find it especially helpful to interact with peers who can provide explanations, clarify a process, and ask and answer questions.

Modeling with Technology in Mathematics

Models help promote mathematical thinking by facilitating an understanding of key concepts and mathematical structures. By seeing and moving objects, students engage their senses to better understand and reason with abstract concepts, or to make sense of — and solve — problems.

Children begin using their senses to recognize patterns and categorize things at a young age — skills that play an important role in early learning. This tip sheet provides some simple activities, as well as recommended books, that parents can use to help their kids build pattern recognition and categorization skills in science and math.

Fitting the Response to Intervention Framework with Mathematics Education

While there is a great deal of information on reading and RTI, there is a dearth of research on math with RTI. Thus, the development and implementation of reading and RTI has blazed a path to RTMI (Response to Math Intervention).

Working with Your Child's Teacher to Identify and Address Math Disabilities

An expert explains how math disabilities are identified and how parents can work with teachers to help their kids.

When Trouble with Math Equals a Learning Disability

Dyscalculia is a learning disability that affects the brain's ability to process and understand the meaning of numbers. Learn about the symptoms and what can be done to help.

Strategies to Facilitate Math Concepts and Homework

Dyxlexia expert Regina Richards offers some strategies that parents and teachers can use to offer students new and different ways to access math learning.

Beyond "Getting the Answer": Calculators Help Learning Disabled Students Get the Concepts

When should a teacher allow students to use a calculator? Here is a look at what research shows about the when a calculator should be used- and when it should not be used. A flow chart is provided to help teachers make a choice about classroom calculator use.

Developing Early Number Sense for Students with Disabilities

Children with dyscalculia often lack "number sense," a term which refers to the ability to understand mathematics. Learn detailed tips on how to improve the number sense of students having difficulties. Read about how to give your students concrete experience with mathematics, teach the skills until they master them, and teach them to understand the language of mathematics.

Mathematics Strategy Instruction (SI) for Middle School Students with Learning Disabilities

Teachers, help you students learn to do word problems. Learn to use the STAR approach. (S) Search the problem. (T) Translate the problem. (A) Answer the problem. (R) Review the solution. Examples and sample scripts are given for this empirically validated technique.

Using Mnemonic Instruction To Teach Math

Help your students remember their math facts. Mnemonic instruction is particularly helpful for students with short term memory problems. Learn how to use three important strategies, key words, pegwords,and letters.

Read about the warning signs of dyscalculia for young children, school age children and teenagers and adults. The National Center for Learning Disabilities summarizes what you should know about dyscalculia.

The National Center for Learning Disabilities presents a basic fact sheet on dyscalculia, a term which refers to a wide range of learning disabilities involving math. The following questions are answered: What are the effects of dyscalculia in early childhood, during the school years, and on teenagers and adults? What are the warning signs? How is dyscalculia identified and treated?

Components of Effective Mathematics Instruction

Less is known about the components of effective mathematics instruction than about the components of effective reading instruction, because research in math is less extensive than in reading.

Student Access to Division: An Alternative Perspective for Students With Learning Disabilities

Teachers and tutors: The Access Center offers a way you can teach math to students with varying learning styles. You can use the concepts in this article to plan almost any of your lessons. You or your students can manipulate objects, display, state, or write. Learn how to teach division to your students who do not yet know subtraction or multiplication using the "Interactive Unit."

Imagery: The Sensory-Cognitive Connection for Math

Why can’t everyone think with numbers? Why do some children learn math readily, handle money and time concepts with ease, retain information from year to year, and think with numbers effortlessly? What cognitive processes do some have that others do not?

This exploratory study extends the research on schema-based strategy instruction by investigating its effects on the mathematical problem solving of four middle school students with learning disabilities who were low-performing in mathematics.