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Each public school child who receives special education and related services must have an Individualized Education Program (IEP). The IEP creates an opportunity for teachers, parents, school administrators, related services personnel, and students (when appropriate) to work together to improve educational results for children with disabilities. This section includes articles about how to create a useful IEP, understanding the IEP process, and the importance of good communication.

There are 62 articles in this section.

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Sample Letters: Requesting Your Child's Records

Sample Letters: Writing a Follow-up Letter

Sample Letters: Writing a Positive Feedback Letter

Seven Habits of Highly Effective IEP Teams

SMART IEPs (Step 1): Start with Baseline Information on Your Child

This article explains how to consider your child's present levels of academic performance and use baseline data to develop goals and objectives for a individualized education program.

SMART IEPs (Step 2): Create Goals and Objectives

Too often annual goals listed in an individualized education program are not specific and measurable. Find out how to avoid this pitfall.

SMART IEPs (Step 3): Use Objective Information

When a doctor develops a treatment plan for a sick child, the doctor uses objective data from diagnostic tests. Your child's individualized education program is similar to a medical treatment plan, and you need objective tests to know that your child is acquiring reading, writing, and arithmetic skills.

SMART IEPs (Step 4): Write Measurable (Not Abstract) Goals

Individualized education program (IEP) goals cannot be broad statements about what a child will accomplish. Goals that cannot be measured are non-goals. Learn how to help the IEP team devise specific, measurable, realistic goals.

SMART IEPs: Introduction

Learn what makes a strong individualized education program (IEP) and the five components of a SMART IEP.

Some Common Sense Steps to Resolving Disagreements Between Parents and Schools

Student Profile: Parent Form

Student Profile: Student Form

Supreme Court Rules That Parents Have Rights Too

On May 21, 2007 The Supreme Court ruled in Winkelman v. Parma School District that parents could proceed in court without attorneys in IEP cases. Both parent and child have the right to have Free Appropriate Public Education provided to the child.

Ten Ways to Take Charge of Your Child's IEP Meeting or Family Support Plan

The Assistive Technology Planner: From Research to Implementation

What happens after assistive technology is considered in an IEP? The National Assistive Technology Research Institute (NATRI) surveyed educators around the nation to find out. Learn from their “top ten” list of findings on the use and support of AT.

Understanding the IEP process

Understanding the Special Education Process

This overview from the PACER Center walks parents through each step of the special education process, describing what happens from the time a child is referred for evaluation through the development of an individualized education program (IEP).

What Happens to a Child's Special Education Program When the Family Moves

What is the Individualized Education Program?

Writing IEP Goals

Learn how to write Individualized Education Plan (IEP) goals that are SMART (specific, measurable, use action words, realistic, and time-limited) and based on research-based educational practice.

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