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A number of factors associated with math disability in children have been identified by researchers. The study included 177 children in 12 public schools in Missouri who were tested one to three times a year from kindergarten through fifth grade. The results showed that those who had trouble understanding the fundamental concept of exact numerical quantities for example, that the printed numeral 3 represents three dots on a page when they started school were diagnosed with a math learning disability by fifth grade.
WCVB TV/DT 5 (Boston)
Transcendental meditation may be an effective way to treat ADHD symptoms without using medication, according to a new study published in the journal Current Issues in Education. The pilot study followed a group of middle school students with ADHD who were meditating twice a day in school. After three months, researchers found over 50 percent reduction in stress and anxiety and improvements in ADHD symptoms.
National Public Radio
The Vanderbilt researchers suspected that the dopamine thermostats of highly impulsive people are broken. To find out, they took 32 healthy volunteers with varying levels of impulsivity. They scanned their heads and found that on average, impulsive people had fewer thermostats. "I think that there is a circuitry of self-control that's fundamental to many, many aspects of living," says Edythe London, a psychiatrist at UCLA. London says that understanding the dopamine thermostat and others may eventually lead to treatments for addiction and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder.
U.S. News and World Report
Adults with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have a more than threefold increased risk of developing a common form of degenerative dementia called dementia with lewy bodies (DLB), according to a new study published in the European Journal of Neurology.
A new study is raising fresh concerns about the use of general anesthesia in young children. Recent studies have suggested that anesthetic drugs may increase the risk for learning disabilities and behavioral problems such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), but only in kids who are exposed to the drugs several times.
U.S. researchers found that a gene associated with ADHD was linked to better health and body weight in a group of nomadic cattle herders, but could cause malnourishment in their cousins who have recently settled and begun to grow crops. "Our findings suggest that some of the variety of personalities we see in people is evolutionarily helpful or detrimental, depending on the context," said lead author Dan Eisenberg, an anthropology graduate at Northwestern University.
The Miami Herald
Do stimulant medications, often prescribed to treat attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, cause potentially dangerous genetic changes in children who take them?
Education Week, On Special Education blog
Getting report cards once every six, eight, or 10 weeks is probably too often for some students. How about every day? So-called "daily report cards" appear to improve the behavior of students with ADHD, a new What Works Clearinghouse review of a study concludes.
Childhood anxieties are incredibly prevalent, and at times far more severe than the monster under the bed. Overwhelming and debilitating anxieties affect an estimated 10 to 20 percent of children, according to the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. A study unveiled today that will be published in the New England Journal of Medicine, aims answer the question of how to treat those children.
There isn't a general agreement among psychologists regarding the role of hyperactivity. Some argue that it's merely an incidental byproduct of a lack of concentration, while other models of ADHD propose that it has a practical function. Psychology professor Mark Rapport and his fellow researchers report in the Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology that it may actually help children with ADHD concentrate on the task at hand.
Children with eczema are more likely to also have attention deficit hyperactivity disorder than those without the skin problem, according to a study. Young people with atopic eczema were 54 percent more likely to have an ADHD diagnosis than those without it.
Michigan State University researchers say minority families don't get enough information about treatments for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, ADHD. ADHD affects up to 7 percent of American children.
Variations in genes involved in brain signaling pathways appear to be linked to attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), according to a new study. The findings suggest that drugs that act on these pathways may offer a new treatment option for ADHD patients with the gene variants, the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia researchers said.
Most school districts in Pennsylvania are not spending enough to meet the basic needs of special education students, according to a new study. The study found that 391 of the state's 501 school districts are spending less than a basic-adequacy level on special education. Combined, that amounts to a shortfall of $380 million annually, or $1,947 per special education student.
Health News Blog, CBS
As an increasing number of children are diagnosed with ADHD, parents and doctors have been scrambling to understand why. The answer might be on their dinner plates. A new study suggests that exposure to pesticides often used in commercial farming may be pushing the trend.
A new federal study criticizes the Justice Department for failing to enforce laws that provide disabled students with special accommodations for taking the SAT, bar exam and other high-stakes tests.
Knowing the words for numbers is not necessary to be able to count, according to a new study of aboriginal children by University College London and the University of Melbourne. The study of the aboriginal children from two communities which do not have words or gestures for numbers found that they were able to copy and perform number-related tasks. The findings, published in the journal PNAS, suggest that humans possess an innate mechanism for counting, which may develop differently in children with dyscalculia.
New York Times
For much of the last century, educators and many scientists believed that children could not learn math at all before the age of five, that their brains simply were not ready. But recent research has turned that assumption on its head that, and a host of other conventional wisdom about geometry, reading, language and self-control in class. The findings, mostly from a branch of research called cognitive neuroscience, are helping to clarify when young brains are best able to grasp fundamental concepts.
The Atlanta Journal-Constitution (GA)
Hena Haines, 18, will graduate today as Wheeler High School's valedictorian and will attend Harvard in the fall. Among other things, she credits using flashcards to help her compensate for her dyslexia. "We're in the process of moving to Colorado," said Haines' mother, Hiemi. "We're finding tubs and tubs full of flashcards."
Educators fear that a large number of English-language learners, as well as a large population of special- education students in Maryland, might be denied a diploma in June because they cannot pass the High School Assessments. This week, the Maryland State Board of Education took a final vote to continue the requirement, which will take effect for the first time for this year's senior class.