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Teaching Students with LD and ADHD

difficulty with expressive language

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Joined: Oct 27, 2009
Posts: 1
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Posted Oct 27, 2009 at 9:17:23 AM
Subject: difficulty with expressive language

I know an individual who has difficulties in two areas: expressive language and executive functions. For expressive language he has a lot of difficulty answering open-ended questions (orally). For instance, if you ask him how his day was, he might say something like "I really like to play this computer game." He seems to be unable to pick out the pertinent parts of information and/or just skips over one thought of the process. This comes out a lot in his writing. We're in college, and I proofread his writing for him, and a lot of the time it makes no sense... he tends to just repeat the question 5000 times instead of actually answering it! However, he is able to explain to me what he meant to write - and it makes perfect sense. He is ADD and also does not get many social cues (he doesn't know that if he is spoken to in a whisper, for instance, that he is supposed to RESPOND in a whisper, oftentimes he'll just yell right back to you!) and is also very literal.

I'm assumming this guy has some kind of LD but I'm not sure exactly what it could be! Any ideas? Any suggestions on how to help him communicate better? (He's very frustrated!)


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Joined Nov 07, 2009
Posts: 4

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Posted:Dec 15, 2009 11:44:02 PM

One of the things that we need to bear in mind as it relates to expressive language is that there are many persons who experience shortfalls in this area. While it may be true that language is the vehicle for communicating there are many children and even adults who have considerable difficulty learning yet alone mastering the development of this skill. However, there is hope for these individuals. Three strategies which may prove applicable in assisting or enhancing your friends’ expressive ability are vocabulary development, practicing specific language structures and presenting situations that will stimulate conversations.

An easy way promote vocabulary development is by simply practicing defining words, doing so on a daily basis provides structure and serves as a means of reinforcement. Language structure is basically concerned with form and takes in looking at prefixes and suffixes. Finally, you mentioned not being able to respond appropriately to questions, like I said present situations to stimulate desired responses; this can be done through the use of role plays and picture cues. So if you want your friend to respond to say a greeting you could present a picture and cue him to respond in that way. It goes without saying a shortfall in expressive language is also sure to produce a shortfall in written language. You would be surprise to know your friend understand more than he can communicate.

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Joined Feb 10, 2010
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Posted:Feb 12, 2010 1:07:49 AM

Absolutely, it too depends on exposure to society, if one mixes up with the society he can learn faster and better. Being an introvert one limits his expressions and feels shy in expressing himself in front of others. If one tries to mix up with others he will feel easy to express himself and will learn a lot from others.

Human life is all about to inquire into the absolute truth, find the way to truth and to be truthful

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Joined Feb 12, 2014
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Posted:Feb 12, 2014 8:35:57 PM

I also have difficulty with a student and his expressive language. He is also an ELL and unfortunately has not been evaluated due to parent resistance. It is extremely difficult to tell if the expressive language issues are in English only and/or in Korean. Any suggestions?

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