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Please tell me…what is visual perception disorder? How is it corrected? My granddaughter is eight years old and tries so hard to read and do her school work, struggles with reading and spelling. What can we do? Is there help with eye exercises? Is this recommended, and is it done by an optometrist or an ophthalmologist?

Thank you for any help.

A visual perception disorder might impact on several aspects of processing visual information received by the brain. These problems might include recognizing specific letters/numbers/shapes; the ability to distinguish left and right images of visual stimuli; the ability to analyze these visual stimuli and interpret there meaning. Intervention would depend on where the problems are. To clarify if such problems exist, it is best to do a formal psycho-educational evaluation. Your school might do this or you might need to have it done privately.

Visual perception problems are related to how the brain processes visual stimuli and not to the visual processes associated with the eye and vision. If your daughter has problems with vision (nearsighted, farsighted, astigmatism, etc.) this should be checked by an optometrist or ophthalmologist. If not a problem or if the problem is corrected by glasses, the focus should be on the role of the brain.

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